The origins of the Atlantic Slave Trade had been products of Western Europe's expansion of power that started out at the beginning of the 1500's throughout the 1900‘s. The key contributing European countries to the Atlantic Slave Trade were Italy, Spain, holland, France, and England. Spain lead the movement through the 1400's and arrived in European Africa in hopes to find Christian allies to spread Christianity against the Muslims of North Africa. Nevertheless they soon started to be more interested in operate (Hine, Hine & Harrold, 2011). Slavery, however , features existed in every cultures for thousands of years. For example , Arabic merchants and West African Kings imported white Western slaves. At first, the servant trade focused on women and kids who would act as domestic maids. But later on the trade switched to focusing on young men for gardening labor in the Americas. The Portuguese exchanged primarily to get gold, ivory, pepper, and slaves. After a few decades, the had captured hundreds of slaves (Hine, Hine & Harrold, 2011). It can misleading to talk about all slaves were captured by raiders, because most of the time they were purchased from African investors. Columbus's trips completely improved the slave trade. When colonies in the Americas were established, many of the Native Americans who were enslaved passed away of disease and overwork causing a purpose for more Africa slaves. During the 1600's, sugars plantations, silver and gold mines produced an enormous with regard to labor. Shortly after, markets intended for coffee, cigarettes and rice cultivation just as before increased the demand for African slaves (Hine, Hine & Harrold, 2011). By the early 1700's, the English dominated the Servant Trade, carrying about twenty, 000 slaves per year via Africa towards the Americas. By the end of the century, over 60, 000 slaves were being carried per year. After 1700, the importation of firearms heightened the depth of many from the wars and resulted in a fantastic increase in the numbers of captive peoples. Western forces a couple of
￼intervened in a few of the local fighting and warfare most along the Ocean coast. That they sought to get captives directly in challenge or while political rewards for having supported the successful side (" The across the atlantic slave, " ). The enormous amount of slave labor and its extremely low cost highly contributed to the advancements of the Industrial Revolution. Also during this period, many city wars during Africa made captives that have been sold because slaves in Western The african continent. Raiders frequently tied the captives as well as ropes and secured them with wooden yokes around their particular necks. Many captives perished of food cravings and tiredness before even being place on ships. Different slave captives decided to eliminate themselves rather than be forced in to slavery (Hine, Hine & Harrold, 2011). Once the captives reached the coast of Western The african continent, the captives were stored in " factories”, that were headquarters with the slave investors. These industries contained facilities with materials and dungeons to keep the captives in. In these production facilities, the slavers would split families about decrease the probability of a rebellion happening. After having a few weeks during these factories, the slave slots would company the " fit” slaves bearing the symbol of this particular trading company (Hine, Hine & Harrold, 2011). European brutalization of the captives was an attempt to damage the African's sense of self-identity. The voyage from Africa to the first remain in the Caribbean generally lasted between two and 3 months. As the need for slaves increased, and so did piracy. Many other nations might fight and attempt to grab each other's slave boats seeing how valuable slaves were during the time (Hine, Hine & Harrold, 2011). Additional natural triggers that written for the devastation of servant ships were hurricanes as well as doldrums, that happen to be long periods of time without having wind gusts to propel the ships. three or more
￼The boats themselves had been designed to improve the amount of slaves to be transported. The shipment space in which the slaves...
Sources: Hine, D., Hine, Watts., & Harrold, S. (2011). The African-American Odyssey. (5th ed. ). Upper
Saddle River, Nj-new jersey: Prentice Lounge.
Smallwood, S i9000. (2007). Deep sea Slavery. London, uk, England: Harvard University Press. The Transatlantic Slave Trade. (n. d. ). Gathered from http://www.inmotionaame.org/
print. cfm; jsessionid=f8301011271354550023638? migration=1& bhcp=1
The Trans-Atlantic Servant Trade Database. (2008). Gathered from http://www.slavevoyages.org/